Major earthquake at the Pleistocene-Holocene transition in Lake Vattern, southern Sweden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Lake Vattern, Sweden, is within a graben that formed through rifting along the boundary between two Precambrian terrains. Geophysical mapping and geological coring show that substantial tectonic movements along the Lake Vattern graben occurred at the very onset of the Holocene. This is evident from deformation structures in the soft sediment accumulated on the lake floor. Our interpretation of these structures suggests as much as 13 m of vertical tectonic displacements along sections of a >80-km-long fault system. If these large displacements are from one tectonic event, Lake Vattern must have had an earthquake with seismic moment magnitudes to 7.5. In addition, our geophysical mapping shows large landslides along sections of the steep lake shores. Pollen analysis of sediment infillings of some of the most prominent sediment deformation structures places this major seismic event at the Younger Dryas-Preboreal transition, ca. 11.5 ka. We suggest that this event is mainly related to the rapid release of ice-sheet load following the deglaciation. This paleoseismic event in Lake Vattern ranks among the larger known intraplate tectonic events in Scandinavia and attests to the significance of glacio-isostatic unloading.

Details

Authors
  • Martin Jakobsson
  • Svante Björck
  • Matt O'Regan
  • Tom Floden
  • Sarah L. Greenwood
  • Henrik Sward
  • Arne Lif
  • Linda Ampel
  • Hemin Koyi
  • Alasdair Skelton
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Geology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-382
JournalGeology
Volume42
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes