Mapping local patterns of childhood overweight and wasting in low- and middle-income countries between 2000 and 2017

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A double burden of malnutrition occurs when individuals, household members or communities experience both undernutrition and overweight. Here, we show geospatial estimates of overweight and wasting prevalence among children under 5 years of age in 105 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) from 2000 to 2017 and aggregate these to policy-relevant administrative units. Wasting decreased overall across LMICs between 2000 and 2017, from 8.4% (62.3 (55.1-70.8) million) to 6.4% (58.3 (47.6-70.7) million), but is predicted to remain above the World Health Organization's Global Nutrition Target of <5% in over half of LMICs by 2025. Prevalence of overweight increased from 5.2% (30 (22.8-38.5) million) in 2000 to 6.0% (55.5 (44.8-67.9) million) children aged under 5 years in 2017. Areas most affected by double burden of malnutrition were located in Indonesia, Thailand, southeastern China, Botswana, Cameroon and central Nigeria. Our estimates provide a new perspective to researchers, policy makers and public health agencies in their efforts to address this global childhood syndemic.

Details

Authors
  • Damaris K. Kinyoki
  • Ali Kiadaliri
  • Simon I. Hay
  • LBD Double Burden of Malnutrition Collaborators
Organisations
External organisations
  • University of Washington
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)750-759
Number of pages10
JournalNature Medicine
Volume26
Issue number5
Early online date2020 Apr 20
Publication statusPublished - 2020 May
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes