Mature-onset obesity in interleukin-1 receptor I knockout mice

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is a major mediator of inflammation that exerts its biological activities through the IL-1 type I receptor (IL-1RI). The body weights of IL-1RI(-/-) mice of both sexes started to deviate from those of wild-type mice at 5-6 months of age and were 20% higher at 9 months of age. Visceral and subcutaneous fat mass, measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and magnetic resonance imaging, was markedly (1.5- to 2.5-fold) increased. Lean body mass and crown-rump length were also slightly (11 and 5%, respectively) increased, as was serum IGF-I Obese IL-1RI(-/-) mice were insulin resistant, as evidenced by hyperinsulinemia, decreased glucose tolerance, and insulin sensitivity. To elucidate the mechanisms for the development of obesity, young preobese IL-IRI-/- mice were investigated. They showed decreased suppression of body weight and food intake in response to systemic leptin treatment. The decreased leptin responsiveness was even more pronounced in older obese animals. Moreover, spontaneous locomotor activity and fat utilization, as measured by respiratory quotient, were decreased in preobese IL-1RI(-/-) mice. In conclusion, lack of 11-1RI-mediated biological activity causes mature-onset obesity. This obese phenotype is preceded by decreased leptin sensitivity, fat utilization, and locomotor activity.

Details

Authors
  • MC Garcia
  • I Wernstedt
  • A Berndtsson
  • M Enge
  • M Bell
  • O Hultgren
  • M Horn
  • Bo Ahrén
  • S Enerback
  • C Ohlsson
  • V Wallenius
  • JO Jansson
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1205-1213
JournalDiabetes
Volume55
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes