Measuring factor IX activity of nonacog beta pegol with commercially available one-stage clotting and chromogenic assay kits: A two-center study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Essentials: Validated assays are required to precisely measure factor IX (FIX) activity in FIX products. N9-GP and two other FIX products were assessed in various coagulation assay systems at two sites. Large variations in FIX activity measurements were observed for N9-GP using some assays. One-stage and chromogenic assays accurately measuring FIX activity for N9-GP were identified. Summary: Background: Measurement of factor IX activity (FIX:C) with activated partial thromboplastin time-based one-stage clotting assays is associated with a large degree of interlaboratory variation in samples containing glycoPEGylated recombinant FIX (rFIX), i.e. nonacog beta pegol (N9-GP). Validation and qualification of specific assays and conditions are necessary for the accurate assessment of FIX:C in samples containing N9-GP. Objectives: To assess the accuracy of various one-stage clotting and chromogenic assays for measuring FIX:C in samples containing N9-GP as compared with samples containing rFIX or plasma-derived FIX (pdFIX) across two laboratory sites. Methods: FIX:C, in severe hemophilia B plasma spiked with a range of concentrations (from very low, i.e. 0.03 IU mL-1, to high, i.e. 0.90 IU mL-1) of N9-GP, rFIX (BeneFIX), and pdFIX (Mononine), was determined at two laboratory sites with 10 commercially available one-stage clotting assays and two chromogenic FIX:C assays. Assays were performed with a plasma calibrator and different analyzers. Results: A high degree of variation in FIX:C measurement was observed for one-stage clotting assays for N9-GP as compared with rFIX or pdFIX. Acceptable N9-GP recovery was observed in the low-concentration to high-concentration samples tested with one-stage clotting assays using SynthAFax or DG Synth, or with chromogenic FIX:C assays. Similar patterns of FIX:C measurement were observed at both laboratory sites, with minor differences probably being attributable to the use of different analyzers. Conclusions: These results suggest that, of the reagents tested, FIX:C in N9-GP-containing plasma samples can be most accurately measured with one-stage clotting assays using SynthAFax or DG Synth, or with chromogenic FIX:C assays.

Details

Authors
  • A. E. Bowyer
  • A. Hillarp
  • M. Ezban
  • P. Persson
  • S. Kitchen
Organisations
External organisations
  • Sheffield Teaching Hospitals
  • Novo Nordisk A/S
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Clinical Laboratory Medicine
  • Hematology

Keywords

  • Blood coagulation test, Factor IX, Hemophilia B, Nonacog beta pegol, Poly(ethylene glycol)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1428-1435
JournalJournal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume14
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes