Metabolite profiling of LADA challenges the view of a metabolically distinct subtype

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) usually refers to GAD65 autoantibodies (GADAb)-positive diabetes with onset after 35 years of age and no insulin treatment within the first 6 months after diagnosis. However, it is not always easy to distinguish LADA fromtype 1 or type 2 diabetes. In this study, we examined whether metabolite profiling could help to distinguish LADA (n = 50) from type 1 diabetes (n = 50) and type 2 diabetes (n = 50). Of 123 identified metabolites, 99 differed between the diabetes types. However, no unique metabolite profile could be identified for any of the types. Instead, the metabolome varied along a C-peptide-driven continuum from type 1 diabetes via LADA to type 2 diabetes. LADA was more similar to type 2 diabetes than to type 1 diabetes. In a principal component analysis, LADA patients overlapping with type 1 diabetes progressed faster to insulin therapy than those overlapping with type 2 diabetes. In conclusion, we could not find any unique metabolite profile distinguishing LADA from type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Rather, LADA was metabolically an intermediate of type 1 and type 2 diabetes, with those patients closer to the former showing a faster progression to insulin therapy than those closer to the latter.


External organisations
  • University of Karachi
  • Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland (FIMM)
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)806-814
Number of pages9
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 1
Publication categoryResearch