Microfungi and microbial activity along a heavy-metal gradient

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Abstract

Soil fungal biomass, microfungal species composition, and soil respiration rate of conifer mor soil were studied along a steep copper and zinc gradient (up to 20,000 ,ug of Cu and 20,000 ,ug of Zn g-1 dry soil) around a brass mill near the town of Gusum in South Sweden. Fungal biomass and soil respiration rate decreased by
about 75% along the metal gradient. Above 1,000 ,ug of Cu g- 1, the decrease was clearly evident; below 1,000 ,ug of Cu g-1, no obvious effects were observed, but there was a tendency for a decrease in total mycelial length. No decrease in CFU was found along the gradient, but fungal species composition was drastically changed. The frequency of the genera Penicillium and Oidiodendron decreased
from about 30 and 20%, respectively, at the control sites to only a few percent close to the mill. Mortierella was most frequently isolated in moderately polluted sites, but at the highest pollution levels, a decrease in isolation frequency was evident. Some fungal taxa increased in abundance towards the mill, e.g., Geomyces (from 1 to 10%), Paecilomyces (0 to 10%), and sterile forms (from 10 to 20%). Analyses with a multivariate statistical method (partial least squares) showed that organic matter content and soil moisture had little influence on the fungal community compared with the heavy metal pollution.

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  • Biological Sciences
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1829-1837
JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Volume45
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1983
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes