Mid-infrared laser-induced thermal grating spectroscopy of hot water lines for flame thermometry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


In this work we report the impact of using mid-infrared laser-induced thermal grating spectroscopy (IRLITGS) for temperature measurements in flames by probing hot water lines. The measurements have been performed in the product zone of laminar atmospheric CH 4 /H 2 /air flat flames with equivalence ratio ranging between 0.6 and 1.05. LITGS is a technique based on thermalization through collisions of the excited molecules for generation of a laser-induced grating, which then decays through thermal diffusion. As such, it tends to have limited application in atmospheric flames compared to flame measurements at elevated pressures due to the faster decay at low gas densities. However, by using mid-IR pump laser beams, it enables the generation of laser-induced gratings with large grating spacing, resulting in strong signal intensities and long signal durations. Single-shot IR-LITGS signals were recorded in the different CH 4 /H 2 /air flames that covered a temperature range between 1500 and 1800 K. To test the accuracy, the IR-LITGS flame temperature measurements were compared with laser Rayleigh scattering measurements and the result were in good agreement with each other. The IR-LITGS flame temperature measurements show a repetitive single-shot temperature precision better than 1% and an accuracy of 2.5% of the flame temperature. An IR-LITGS excitation scan of water in the flame shows that some ro-vibrational transitions exhibit no IR-LITGS signal, probably due to less efficient collisional energy transfer mechanism. This is important when deciding the wavelength to use for IR-LITGS flame temperature measurements using water absorption.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics


  • Atmospheric flame, Laser-induced thermal grating spectroscopy, Mid-infrared, Temperature, Water
Original languageEnglish
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2020
Publication categoryResearch