Mirror, peephole and video - The role of contiguity in children's perception of reference in iconic signs

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Mirror, peephole and video - The role of contiguity in children's perception of reference in iconic signs

AU - Lenninger, Sara

AU - Persson, Tomas

AU - van de Weijer, Joost

AU - Sonesson, Göran

PY - 2020/7/14

Y1 - 2020/7/14

N2 - The present study looked at the extent to which 2-year-old children benefited from information conveyed by viewing a hiding event through an opening in a cardboard screen, seeing it as live video, as pre-recorded video, or by way of a mirror. Being encouraged to find the hidden object by selecting one out of two cups, the children successfully picked the baited cup significantly more often when they had viewed the hiding through the opening, or in live video, than when they viewed it in pre-recorded video, or by way of a mirror. All conditions rely on the perception of similarity. The study suggests, however, that contiguity – i.e., the perception of temporal and physical closeness between events – rather than similarity is the principal factor accounting for the results.

AB - The present study looked at the extent to which 2-year-old children benefited from information conveyed by viewing a hiding event through an opening in a cardboard screen, seeing it as live video, as pre-recorded video, or by way of a mirror. Being encouraged to find the hidden object by selecting one out of two cups, the children successfully picked the baited cup significantly more often when they had viewed the hiding through the opening, or in live video, than when they viewed it in pre-recorded video, or by way of a mirror. All conditions rely on the perception of similarity. The study suggests, however, that contiguity – i.e., the perception of temporal and physical closeness between events – rather than similarity is the principal factor accounting for the results.

KW - contiguity

KW - children

KW - sign use

KW - indexicality

KW - semiotic resource

KW - visual iconic media

KW - mirror

KW - video

U2 - 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01622

DO - 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01622

M3 - Article

C2 - 32760329

VL - 11

JO - Frontiers in Psychology

JF - Frontiers in Psychology

SN - 1664-1078

M1 - 1622

ER -