Mission and Cosmopolitan Mothering: Saving Armenian Mothers and Orphans, 1902-1947

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This article discusses and analyzes mothering that crosses boundaries of care in spite of differences of nationality, culture and religion. Swedish missionary Alma Johansson was one of a remarkable number of women missionaries who volunteered as relief workers during the Armenian refugee crisis. These women missionaries were often seen as mothers who were ‘saving a whole generation’. The article shows how Johansson acted as an external mother and created transnational bonds of solidarity between Swedish and Armenian mothers. The close relationships became a foundation for Armenian children and women to help themselves. However, in this mothering were also ambivalences.

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Social Work
  • History

Keywords

  • humanitarianism, transnationalisme, mothering, maternage, cosmopolitanism, cosmopolitisme, genre, humanitarisme, génocide arménien, Armenian Genocide , gender, transnationalism
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-73
Number of pages30
JournalSocial Sciences and Missions
Volume30
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes