Modelling of pervaporation: Models to analyze and predict the mass transport in pervaporation

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Abstract

The modelling of the ma ss transfer in pervaporation is one of the fundamental aspects to understand and therefore improve the process performance. This paper reviews the different models to analyse and predict the mass transport through the selective layer in pervaporation. It therefore provides an overview combined with some guidance about the different models proposed in the literature and the applicability range of these models. The different models reviewed cover the two key mass transport steps in pervaporation: (1) sorption into the membrane, and (2) diffusion through the membrane. For the two different steps individual models will be proposed as well as models covering the mass transport across the membrane as a whole. The different models will be grouped with respect to the nature of the models: theoretical, semi-empirical or empirical. Further the applicability range of the different models regarding the different polymer classes such as glassy, semi-crystalline, or rubbery will be shown. Finally, it will be commented on the applicability of the models with regard to two main research fields in pervaporation: development of membranes and design of processes and modules. Inorganic and composite-material membranes involve additional models to analyse and predict the mass transport and have been excluded from this review.

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Probability Theory and Statistics

Keywords

  • Mass transport, Modelling, Pervaporation, Polymeric membranes
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-125
Number of pages77
JournalSeparation and Purification Methods
Volume30
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes