Modulation of Kit/stem cell factor receptor-induced signaling by protein kinase C

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Kit/stem cell factor receptor (Kit/SCF-R) is a transmembrane tyrosine kinase receptor of importance for the normal development of hemopoietic cells, melanoblasts, and germ cells. We recently reported that protein kinase C (PKC) is involved in a negative feedback loop regulating the Kit/SCF-R by direct phosphorylation on serine residues in the receptor. Inhibition of PKC led to increased SCF-induced tyrosine kinase activity and mitogenicity, but PKC was necessary for SCF-induced motility. In this report we have further examined the modulatory role of PKC on SCF-induced signaling. The ligand-activated Kit/SCF-R associated weakly with GRB2 and induced only little tyrosine phosphorylation of phospholipase C-gamma in porcine aortic endothelial cells transfected with Kit/SCF-R. In contrast, the SCF-stimulated Kit/SCF-R associated efficiently with, and induced tyrosine phosphorylation of, the p85 alpha regulatory subunit of phosphatidyl inositide-3'-kinase (PI-3'-kinase). Both receptor association and tyrosine phosphorylation of p85 alpha were increased after inhibition of PKC, while its serine phosphorylation was decreased. Concomitantly, the specific activity of receptor-associated PI-3'-kinase activity was increased. Inhibition of PI-3'-kinase with wortmannin inhibited SCF-induced mitogenicity. SCF-induced phosphorylation of Raf-1 and activation of ERK2 still occurred after PKC inhibition but was not increased. In conclusion, SCF-induced PI-3'-kinase activation paralleled the increased SCF-induced mitogenicity after inhibition of PKC.

Details

Authors
  • Peter Blume-Jensen
  • Lars Rönnstrand
  • Ivan Gout
  • Michael D. Waterfield
  • Carl-Henrik Heldin
External organisations
  • External Organization - Unknown
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Medicinal Chemistry

Keywords

  • Signal Transducing Androstadienes/pharmacology Animals Aorta/anatomy & histology Endothelium, Colony-Stimulating Factor/genetics/*metabolism Recombinant Proteins/metabolism *Signal Transduction Stem Cell Factor Swine Transfection Type C Phospholipases/metabolism Tyrosine/metabolism, *Adaptor Proteins, Vascular/cytology GRB2 Adaptor Protein Hematopoietic Cell Growth Factors/metabolism Isoenzymes/metabolism Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1 Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases Phosphorylation Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)/metabolism Protein Kinase C/*metabolism Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/metabolism Proteins/metabolism Proto-Oncogene Proteins/genetics/*metabolism Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-raf Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/genetics/*metabolism Receptors
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21793-21802
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume269
Issue number34
Publication statusPublished - 1994
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Experimental Clinical Chemistry (013016010)