Molecular phylogeny of Lymantriinae (Lepidoptera, Noctuoidea, Erebidae) inferred from eight gene regions

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To understand the evolutionary history of Lymantriinae and test the present higher-level classification, we performed the first broad-scale molecular phylogenetic analysis of the subfamily, based on 154 exemplars representing all recognized tribes and drawn from all major biogeographical regions. We used two mitochondrial genes (cytochrome c oxidase subunit I and 16S ribosomal RNA) and six nuclear genes (elongation factor-1α, carbamoylphosphate synthase domain protein, ribosomal protein S5, cytosolic malate dehydrogenase, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and wingless). Data matrices (in total 5424 bp) were analysed by parsimony and model-based evolutionary methods (maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference). Based on the results of the analyses, we present a new phylogenetic classification for Lymantriinae composed of seven well-supported tribes, two of which are proposed here as new: Arctornithini, Leucomini, Lymantriini, Orgyiini, Nygmiini, Daplasini trib. nov. and Locharnini trib. nov. We discuss the internal structure of each of these tribes and address some of the more complex problems with the genus-level classification, particularly within Orgyiini and Nygmiini.


  • Houshuai Wang
  • Niklas Wahlberg
  • Jeremy D. Holloway
  • Johan Bergsten
  • X. Fan
  • Daniel H. Janzen
  • Winnie Hallwachs
  • L. Wen
  • Min Wang
  • Sören Nylin
External organisations
  • University of Turku
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Biological Systematics
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)579-592
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Publication categoryResearch