Molecular profiling in muscle-invasive bladder cancer: more than the sum of its parts

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Molecular profiling in muscle-invasive bladder cancer : more than the sum of its parts. / Sjödahl, Gottfrid; Jackson, Chelsea L.; Bartlett, John M.S.; Siemens, D. Robert; Berman, David M.

In: Journal of Pathology, Vol. 247, No. 5, 2019, p. 563-573.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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Sjödahl, Gottfrid ; Jackson, Chelsea L. ; Bartlett, John M.S. ; Siemens, D. Robert ; Berman, David M. / Molecular profiling in muscle-invasive bladder cancer : more than the sum of its parts. In: Journal of Pathology. 2019 ; Vol. 247, No. 5. pp. 563-573.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Molecular profiling in muscle-invasive bladder cancer

T2 - more than the sum of its parts

AU - Sjödahl, Gottfrid

AU - Jackson, Chelsea L.

AU - Bartlett, John M.S.

AU - Siemens, D. Robert

AU - Berman, David M.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Bladder cancers are biologically and clinically heterogeneous. Recent large-scale transcriptomic profiling studies focusing on life-threatening muscle-invasive cases have demonstrated a small number of molecularly distinct clusters that largely explain their heterogeneity. Similar to breast cancer, these clusters reflect intrinsic urothelial cell-type differentiation programs, including those with luminal and basal cell characteristics. Also like breast cancer, each cell-based subtype demonstrates a distinct profile with regard to its prognosis and its expression of therapeutic targets. Indeed, a number of studies suggest subtype-specific differential responses to cytotoxic chemotherapy and to therapies that inhibit a number of targets, including growth factors (EGFR, ERBB2, FGFR) and immune checkpoint (PD1, PDL1) inhibitors. Despite burgeoning evidence for important clinical implications, subtyping has yet to enter into routine clinical practice. Here we review the conceptual basis for intrinsic cell subtyping in muscle-invasive bladder cancer and discuss evidence behind proposed clinical uses for subtyping as a prognostic or predictive test. In deliberating barriers to clinical implementation, we review pitfalls associated with transcriptomic profiling and illustrate a simple immunohistochemistry (IHC)-based subtyping algorithm that may serve as a faster, less expensive alternative. Envisioned as a research tool that can easily be translated into routine pathology workflow, IHC-based profiling has the potential to more rapidly establish the utility (or lack thereof) of cell type profiling in clinical practice.

AB - Bladder cancers are biologically and clinically heterogeneous. Recent large-scale transcriptomic profiling studies focusing on life-threatening muscle-invasive cases have demonstrated a small number of molecularly distinct clusters that largely explain their heterogeneity. Similar to breast cancer, these clusters reflect intrinsic urothelial cell-type differentiation programs, including those with luminal and basal cell characteristics. Also like breast cancer, each cell-based subtype demonstrates a distinct profile with regard to its prognosis and its expression of therapeutic targets. Indeed, a number of studies suggest subtype-specific differential responses to cytotoxic chemotherapy and to therapies that inhibit a number of targets, including growth factors (EGFR, ERBB2, FGFR) and immune checkpoint (PD1, PDL1) inhibitors. Despite burgeoning evidence for important clinical implications, subtyping has yet to enter into routine clinical practice. Here we review the conceptual basis for intrinsic cell subtyping in muscle-invasive bladder cancer and discuss evidence behind proposed clinical uses for subtyping as a prognostic or predictive test. In deliberating barriers to clinical implementation, we review pitfalls associated with transcriptomic profiling and illustrate a simple immunohistochemistry (IHC)-based subtyping algorithm that may serve as a faster, less expensive alternative. Envisioned as a research tool that can easily be translated into routine pathology workflow, IHC-based profiling has the potential to more rapidly establish the utility (or lack thereof) of cell type profiling in clinical practice.

KW - bladder neoplasms

KW - cancer stem cell

KW - GATA3

KW - KRT5

KW - LUNDTAX

KW - PPARG

KW - RB1

KW - Shh

KW - TGFB

KW - TP53

U2 - 10.1002/path.5230

DO - 10.1002/path.5230

M3 - Review article

C2 - 30604486

AN - SCOPUS:85061917639

VL - 247

SP - 563

EP - 573

JO - Journal of Pathology

JF - Journal of Pathology

SN - 0022-3417

IS - 5

ER -