Moraxella catarrhalis Evades Host Innate Immunity via Targeting Cartilage Oligomeric Matrix Protein.

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Abstract

Moraxella catarrhalis is a respiratory tract pathogen commonly causing otitis media in children and acute exacerbations in patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) functions as a structural component in cartilage, as well as a regulator of complement activity. Importantly, COMP is detected in resident macrophages and monocytes, alveolar fluid, and the endothelium of blood vessels in lung tissue. We show that the majority of clinical isolates of M. catarrhalis (n = 49), but not other tested bacterial pathogens, bind large amounts of COMP. COMP interacts directly with the ubiquitous surface protein A2 of M. catarrhalis. Binding of COMP correlates with survival of M. catarrhalis in human serum by inhibiting bactericidal activity of the complement membrane attack complex. Moreover, COMP inhibits phagocytic killing of M. catarrhalis by human neutrophils. We further observed that COMP reduces bacterial adhesion and uptake by human lung epithelial cells, thus protecting M. catarrhalis from intracellular killing by epithelial cells. Taken together, our findings uncover a novel mechanism that M. catarrhalis uses to evade host innate immunity.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Immunology in the medical area
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1249-1258
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume196
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes