More Prevalent Prescription of Medicine for Hypertension and Metabolic Syndrome in Males from Couples Undergoing Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Register-based studies have indicated that men with impaired fertility are at higher risk for developing various adult-onset diseases than fertile men. The majority of men undergoing ICSI treatment are sub-fertile and since they are in contact with the health care system, these men are well suited as target for preventive measures. Our study included all men (N = 459 766) who had fathered children in Sweden between 2006 and 2016. Swedish registry data was used for obtaining information regarding conception method and defining three groups of fathers – ICSI -treated, IVF – treated and non IVF/ICSI. By sourcing data from the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register, we specifically searched for information regarding prescription and usage of at least one prescription for diabetes mellitus, hypertension (HT) or dyslipidemia to serve as a proxy for metabolic disease among the study groups. If all three types of medicine were prescribed, the patient was considered as having metabolic syndrome. Our results indicate male partners in couples who became parents using ICSI to be at higher risk for being treated for hypertension (HR = 1.15 95% CI: 1.06–1.24, p = 0.001) and metabolic syndrome (HR = 1.28 95% CI: 1.01–1.58, p = 0.042) when compared to non IVF/ICSI men.


External organisations
  • Medical University of Sofia
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
Original languageEnglish
Article number14521
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1
Publication categoryResearch