Mortality and the business cycle: Evidence from individual and aggregated data

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


There has been much interest recently in the relationship between economic conditions and mortality, with some studies showing that mortality is pro-cyclical, while others find the opposite. Some suggest that the aggregation level of analysis (e.g. individual vs. regional) matters. We use both individual and aggregated data on a sample of 20–64 year-old Swedish men from 1993 to 2007. Our results show that the association between the business cycle and mortality does not depend on the level of analysis: the sign and magnitude of the parameter estimates are similar at the individual level and the aggregate (county) level; both showing pro-cyclical mortality.


External organisations
  • University of Bristol
  • Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
  • Swedish Agency for Health and Care Services Analysis
  • Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU)
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
  • Economics


  • Aggregation, Death, Health, Income, Recession, Unemployment
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-70
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Health Economics
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec 1
Publication categoryResearch