Multimodal assessment of vascular and ventricular function in children and adults with repaired aortic coarctation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Coarctation of the Aorta (CoA) is associated with increased aortic stiffness and diastolic left ventricular dysfunction. The mechanisms involved and impact of age remain unclear. It was the aim of this study to characterize arterial and cardiac function, their correlation, and the effect of age in children and adults with repaired CoA. Methods: Multimodal cardiovascular assessment from the ascending aorta to microcirculation and endothelial function was performed prospectively. Statistical analyses included multivariable linear regression and correlation of vascular parameters with age and diastolic function. Results: Fifty-seven patients with well-repaired CoA and 77 healthy controls were included (age 8–59). There was no significant difference in age, gender, body surface area and BMI between the groups. Ascending aortic distensibility was decreased while common carotid intima media thickness, central augmentation index corrected to a heart rate of 75/min [Aix75], peripheral Aix75 and aging index were increased in the CoA group. Interestingly, in a subgroup analysis of CoA patients with tricuspid vs. bicuspid aortic valves (BAV), only the latter had increased Aix75. Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity [cfPWV], reactive hyperemia index and microcirculation were not significantly different between CoA and control patients. Diastolic function was impaired in the CoA group relative to controls. Both diastolic function and age correlated moderate-strongly with arterial parameters. Conclusions: Patients with well repaired CoA have increased proximal arterial stiffness which correlates with diastolic function and age. Increased Aix75 may be attributed to a high prevalence of associated BAV. Neither cfPWV nor peripheral endothelial or microcirculatory function are impaired.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Lund University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-53
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume323
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan 15
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes