Multiplex AMPLICOR PCR screening for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae in women attending non-sexually transmitted disease clinics. The European Chlamydia Epidemiology Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A new PCR kit (AMPLICOR CT/NG; Roche Diagnostic Systems, Inc., Branchburg, N.J.) was used as a screening tool for the detection of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae in first-void urine (FVU) specimens from 3,340 asymptomatic women attending European health care units for contraceptive advice or pregnancy termination. All samples were kept frozen (-20 degrees C) prior to testing. Chlamydia-positive samples were retested once by the plasmid-based PCR kit and also by a major outer membrane protein (MOMP) primer-based PCR. Discrepancies were resolved by using the direct immunofluorescence test (DIF) with the centrifuged sediment of the FVU specimens. Samples positive for N. gonorrhoeae were retested by chromosomal primer-based PCR and verified by a 16S RNA PCR. Of the samples tested, 1.8% were considered inhibitory by using the internal amplification control. Of 81 samples positive for C. trachomatis, 74 samples were positive by both plasmid- and MOMP-based PCRs, 6 samples were positive by plasmid-based PCR and DIF, and one sample was positive by both MOMP-based PCR and DIF. Nine samples (0.3%) were positive for N. gonorrhoeae by the chromosomal primer-based PCR; however, none of the results could be confirmed. The test offers the unique ability to identify inhibition of amplification with the optional internal control.

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Microbiology in the medical area
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2556-2560
JournalJournal of Clinical Microbiology
Volume35
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
Externally publishedYes