Muscle Cooling and Performance: A Review

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Muscle Cooling and Performance: A Review. / Halder, Amitava; Gao, Chuansi.

In: European Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2014, p. 39-48.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Muscle Cooling and Performance: A Review

AU - Halder, Amitava

AU - Gao, Chuansi

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Objectives: Skeletal muscle performance is determined by muscle temperature. This paper presents a review of the research literature to contribute to a better understanding of the physiological mechanisms of muscle fatigue and performance in cold exposure and in repetitive or sustained physical exertion in terms of isometric maximal force production, electromyographic activities, and gait ground reaction forces. Materials and Methods: The PubMed and MEDLINE databases were searched for relevant articles in English. The titles and abstracts of all identified studies were initially screened by the first author to determine whether they could be included. Relevant articles were considered for full text analysis. The reference lists of the relevant studies were also checked. Results: The review showed that different cooling methods have been used in the research settings. Current applications are reported of cold exposure to assess muscle strength through maximum voluntary contraction and functional activities, manual work of the upper limbs, gait and balance, fall risks, and mobility of the lower limbs. The review also showed that neuromuscular functions are impaired at 0° to 25°C of cold water immersion for 10 to 40 min where loss of strength and fatigue occurred in the limb muscles. Although some of the findings in previous studies about isometric force production in cooled muscles and joints are controversial, this review found that impeded strength is relatively well-established. Conclusions: Cooling in cold water at certain temperatures can influence our maximum muscle performance but may not impact daily activities.

AB - Objectives: Skeletal muscle performance is determined by muscle temperature. This paper presents a review of the research literature to contribute to a better understanding of the physiological mechanisms of muscle fatigue and performance in cold exposure and in repetitive or sustained physical exertion in terms of isometric maximal force production, electromyographic activities, and gait ground reaction forces. Materials and Methods: The PubMed and MEDLINE databases were searched for relevant articles in English. The titles and abstracts of all identified studies were initially screened by the first author to determine whether they could be included. Relevant articles were considered for full text analysis. The reference lists of the relevant studies were also checked. Results: The review showed that different cooling methods have been used in the research settings. Current applications are reported of cold exposure to assess muscle strength through maximum voluntary contraction and functional activities, manual work of the upper limbs, gait and balance, fall risks, and mobility of the lower limbs. The review also showed that neuromuscular functions are impaired at 0° to 25°C of cold water immersion for 10 to 40 min where loss of strength and fatigue occurred in the limb muscles. Although some of the findings in previous studies about isometric force production in cooled muscles and joints are controversial, this review found that impeded strength is relatively well-established. Conclusions: Cooling in cold water at certain temperatures can influence our maximum muscle performance but may not impact daily activities.

KW - Gait ground reaction forces

KW - Isometric muscle strength

KW - Peripheral cooling

KW - Electromyography

KW - Fatigue

M3 - Review article

VL - 2

SP - 39

EP - 48

JO - European Journal of Sports Medicine

JF - European Journal of Sports Medicine

SN - 1792-4979

IS - 1

ER -