Mutations of PTEN gene in gliomas correlate to tumor differentiation and short-term survival rate.

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Abstract

The present study determined mutations of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) gene in patients suffering from high-grade gliomas (WHO grades III and IV) and further investigated the mutations in correlation to patients' histopathological classification and short-term survival. Total RNA and genomic DNA were extracted from tumor tissues. Full-length PTEN cDNA sequences were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The PCR products were directly sequenced, and the PTEN mutations were analyzed. It demonstrated that the incidence of PTEN mutations was 8/22 in these patients: one patient with WHO grade III glioma (1/11) and 7 patients with WHO grade IV glioma (7/11). Most patients had three or more mutations in the PTEN gene, with exons 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 as hot mutation regions, with mutation incidence from 62.5% to 75%. About 68.4% of mutations were missense, 26.3% same-sense and 5.3% nonsense mutations. The median survival times of the WHO grade III and IV groups were 250 and 53 weeks after surgery, respectively (p=0.016). The 36-week survival rate of patients with and without PTEN mutations was 62.5% and 92.9% (p=0.038, odds ratio=7.80), respectively. The present study suggests that PTEN mutations are late events in the malignant progression of glioma and the occurrence of PTEN mutations are significantly correlated to patients' short-term survival.

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  • Cancer and Oncology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)981-985
JournalAnticancer research
Volume30
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes