Myofibroblast accumulation correlates with the formation of fibrotic tissue in a rat air pouch model.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The pathogenesis of arthritic joints involves cartilage degradation and pannus formation. It is well known that pannus influences the cartilage; however, the mechanism behind how the degrading cartilage interacts with pannus is not well known. To investigate this interplay, the expression of extracellular matrix (ECM) components in pannus and the degrading cartilage was analyzed. METHODS: Studies were performed using a rat air pouch model where cotton with viable or killed cartilage was implanted into 7-day-old pouches for 1-28 days. The remodeling of cartilage and the formation of tissue in the cotton was characterized histologically by quantitation of infiltrated cells. The amounts of collagen, hyaluronan, and proteoglycan were estimated. RESULTS: Implantation of homologous femoral head cartilage in cotton resulted in extensive remodeling of cartilage and formation of ECM in the cotton. In cotton without cartilage, fibroblasts and myofibroblasts were the predominant cells in the early stage of analyses. The ECM formed in cotton was of a fibrotic type, with mainly collagen and smaller amounts of proteoglycans correlating to the presence of myofibroblasts. In the cotton with cartilage, however, inflammatory cells such as neutrophils, macrophages, and lymphocytes dominated. Delayed accumulation of collagen and increased synthesis of proteoglycans occurred early in cotton with viable as well as non-viable cartilage. In later stages, the cell pattern changed and the myofibroblasts emerged together with an increasing collagen formation. CONCLUSION: The interaction between cartilage and the newly formed granulation tissue results in a faster degradation of cartilage molecules, which in turn leak into the surrounding ECM and affect the recruitment of myofibroblasts. This indicates the importance of the micromatrix.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Rheumatology and Autoimmunity
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1698-1707
JournalJournal of Rheumatology
Volume29
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Related research output

Anette Bjärdahlen, 2002, Anette Bjärdahlen, BMC C13, 221 84 Lund, Sweden. 164 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

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