Nano-scale radiation effects in wide-gap crystals under irradiation by VUV photons

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The creation spectra of F centres by synchrotron radiation of 5-35 eV have been measured for Na6Al6Si6O24(NaI)(2x) and Na6Al6Si6O24(NaBr)(2x) optical ceramics at 8 and 80 K. The exciting photons cause the excitation and ionization of halogen ions (6-8 eV) and of an aluminosilicate carcass (8.5-31 eV) or the excitation of Na+ ions (32-35 eV). An exciting photon of 20-26 and 27-31 eV creates two or three electron-hole pairs, respectively. Besides the electron-hole creation mechanism of F centres with the participation of pre-irradiation defects, the basic interstitial-vacancy creation mechanism of Frenkel defect pairs is realized in socialites at high doses of irradiation at 300 K. A Br-0 atom formed at the irradiation in a regular beta-cage can penetrate into a neighbouring cage. As a result, an F centre and a Br-2(-) molecule (H centre) are formed and the interdefect distance in this pair is about I nm. The efficiency of F-H pair creation is especially high under the conditions of multiplication of electron-hole pairs. In contrast to alkali halides the crowdion configuration of interstitials does not exist in sodalites and F-H pairs are stable up to 450 K.


  • A Lushchik
  • M Kirm
  • C Lushchik
  • Indrek Martinson
  • V Nagirnyi
  • E Vasil'chenko
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Physical Sciences


  • multiplication of excitations, sodalites, pairs of Frenkel defects, alkali halides
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-143
JournalNuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Publication categoryResearch