Napsin A (TA02) is a useful alternative to thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) for the identification of pulmonary adenocarcinoma cells in pleural effusions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The purpose of this study was to test napsin A as a diagnostic marker of metastatic lung adenocarcinoma in pleural effusions, and to compare its performance with TTF-1. Napsin A and TTF-1 reactivities were determined immunohistochemically on.formalin-fixed paraffin embedded cell blocks from 50 pleural effusion (5 mesotheliomas, 10 mesothelial proliferations, 12 pulmonary, and 23 nonpulmonary metastases). The results were evaluated separately, and correlated to the final diagnoses. Concordant results were obtained in 48150 cases. TTF-1 and Napsin A were positive in 8112 and 10112 pulmonary adenocarcinomas, respectively. Both markers were negative in 42 cases, including two lung carcinomas. Napsin reactivity was found in more than 75% of the tumor cells in 9110 positive cases, whereas TTF-1 reactivity was seen in more than 75% of the tumor cells in 218 positive cases only (P < 0.05). This makes napsin A an alternative to TTF-1 in cytological diagnosis of effusions in which tumor cells may be scanty.


  • Annika Dejmek
  • Pontus Naucler
  • Anita Smedjeback
  • Harubumi Kato
  • Masahiro Maeda
  • Koichi Yashima
  • Junichi Maeda
  • Takashi Hirano
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cell and Molecular Biology


  • immunocytochemistry, effusion, adenocarcinoma, lung, Napsin A, TTF-1
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)493-497
JournalDiagnostic Cytopathology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Publication categoryResearch