National policies and social inequalities in exit paths from working life in Sweden

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

Abstract

We investigated the impact on work life exits from reduced access to disability pension (2006), and financial incentives to extend working life.
Method and material
We used labour statistics of all employees in Sweden, Social insurance and income data, to compare occupational groups (SSYK, based on ISCO-88), and blue and white collar workers, with regard to i) lost years in working life due to death, disability pension and long-term sick-leave preceding disability pension 2007-2010, ii) granted disability pensions 2007-2011, and iii) premature age pension in 2004 and 2011.
Results
Years lost in working life were similar for men and women in the same 1-digit SSYK occupational group, somewhat higher for those born outside Sweden, but showed a clear gradient from white to blue collar occupations, e.g. for 0.39 versus 2.40 ys lost for Legislators/senior officials/managers and in Elementary occupations, respectively (women born in Sweden).
In 2006 the prevalence of disability pension in age 50-64 was 3.61% among women and 2.49% among men, with 10/10 of the highest prevalence occupations (4-digit SSYK code) in men, and 9/10 in women, being blue collar ones. Approved applications decreased 2006-2011 by 74.4% in women, and 64.3% in men; for mental disorders (ICD-10-SE; F00-F99) 64.9% in women and 48.8% in men, for musculoskeletal disorders (M00-M99) 91.1% and 90.0%, respectively.
The prevalence of premature age pension increased between 2004 and 2011: men 2.5% to 6.4%, women 1.7% to 5.5%. Blue collar occupations were most affected.
Conclusions
The socioeconomic divide in lost years of working life between white and blue collars prevailed. There was an apparent flow from disability to premature age pension, in particular in female blue collars. The findings indicate the budgetary savings of disability pensions transferred the economic burden of disease to individuals, and mainly to female blue collar workers.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • University of Gothenburg
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Original languageEnglish
PagesO3D.5
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Apr 30
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
Eventthe 27th International Epidemiology in Occupational Health (EPICOH) conference 2019 : Health and the environment at work: the need for solutions - The Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa , Wellington, New Zealand
Duration: 2019 Apr 292019 May 2
https://www.confer.nz/epicoh2019/

Conference

Conferencethe 27th International Epidemiology in Occupational Health (EPICOH) conference 2019
CountryNew Zealand
CityWellington
Period2019/04/292019/05/02
Internet address