Neck and upper extremity pain in sonographers – Associations with occupational factors

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Sonographers have a high risk of musculoskeletal disorders. This study explores the associations between working conditions and musculoskeletal pain based on the frequency and intensity of pain in the neck and upper extremities. A questionnaire was answered by 291 female sonographers. High prevalence of neck/shoulder pain was associated with eye complaints and headache related to work on the computer, dissatisfaction with the computer workstation, high mechanical exposure index (MEI) and high demands. The possibility to adjust the keyboard and chair, and adequately corrected eyesight were positive factors. High prevalence of elbow/hand pain was associated with performing echocardiography, computer-related eye complaints, high MEI and high job and sensory demands. In echocardiography, working with a straight wrist and holding the transducer with a two-handed grip or alternating hands was associated with a low prevalence of elbow/hand pain. Thus, further improvements in the working conditions are possible and are recommended.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Environmental Health and Occupational Health


  • Ergonomics, Psychosocial factors, Sonography
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-253
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Ergonomics
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1
Publication categoryResearch

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Related research output

Jenny Gremark Simonsen, 2018, Lund: Lund University: Faculty of Medicine. 73 p.

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