Needs of young children with cancer during their initial hospitalization: an observational study.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The aim of this study was to describe young (under
the age of 7) children’s needs as expressed by their
behavior, body language and verbal expression through
observations during their initial hospitalization after
being diagnosed with cancer. Twelve children under the
age of seven were followed during 26 hours with nonparticipant unstructured observations. Field notes were
written after each observation and transcribed into a
narrative text, which was analyzed by content analysis
at both manifest and latent level. Five themes were
identified, of which “need to have the parent close by”
was the most prominent. The other themes were “need
to play and feel joy,” “need for participation in care
and treatment,” “need for a good relationship with the
staff,” and “need for physical and emotional satisfaction.”
The results indicate that the children needed their
parents and the parents’presence helped the children to
express other needs. Professionals need to support the
child and his or her parents so that the parents in their
turn can support and alleviate their child’s hospitalization and cancer treatment.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Nursing


  • childhood cancer, hospitalization, needs, observation
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)210-9
JournalJournal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Division of Nursing (Closed 2012) (013065000)

Related research output

Björk, M., 2008, Lund University, Faculty of Medicine. 117 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

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Related projects

Inger Kristensson Hallström, Maria Björk, Thomas Wiebe, Erna Törnqvist, Jenny Gårdling, Marie Edwinson Månsson, Charlotte Castor, Kajsa Landgren, Helena Hansson, Kjeld Schmiegelow & Hanne Kristine Hegaard


2003/01/01 → …

Project: Research

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