Net Effects of Birds in Agroecosystems

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Standard

Net Effects of Birds in Agroecosystems. / Pejchar, Liba ; Clough, Yann; Ekroos, Johan; Nicholas, Kimberly; Ram, Dafne; Tschumi, Matthias; Smith, Henrik G.

In: BioScience, Vol. 68, No. 11, 01.11.2018, p. 896–904.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Pejchar, Liba et al. "Net Effects of Birds in Agroecosystems". BioScience. 2018, 68(11). 896–904.

Vancouver

Pejchar L, Clough Y, Ekroos J, Nicholas K, Ram D, Tschumi M et al. Net Effects of Birds in Agroecosystems. BioScience. 2018 Nov 1;68(11):896–904.

Author

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Net Effects of Birds in Agroecosystems

AU - Pejchar, Liba

AU - Clough, Yann

AU - Ekroos, Johan

AU - Nicholas, Kimberly

AU - Ram, Dafne

AU - Tschumi, Matthias

AU - Smith, Henrik G.

PY - 2018/11/1

Y1 - 2018/11/1

N2 - Incorporating both ecosystem services and disservices into land-use decisions is essential for meeting conservation and livelihood goals. We discuss the merits and challenges of this concept, termed net effects, for birds in agroecosystems. Although birds have widely documented impacts on agriculture (e.g., pest control, crop damage), the net effects of such activities are rarely quantified. This could be attributed to the complexity of measuring direct and indirect trophic interactions, and the necessity of cross-disciplinary collaboration to value biophysical outcomes in economic and other relevant terms. We suggest that the direction and magnitude of net effects is driven by biotic, farm-level and landscape factors. These factors, some within and others beyond farmer control, interact in potentially predictable ways. We propose a framework for making policy decisions about farming practices and land-use planning informed by net effects to help farmers and society achieve positive outcomes for biodiversity and agricultural production.

AB - Incorporating both ecosystem services and disservices into land-use decisions is essential for meeting conservation and livelihood goals. We discuss the merits and challenges of this concept, termed net effects, for birds in agroecosystems. Although birds have widely documented impacts on agriculture (e.g., pest control, crop damage), the net effects of such activities are rarely quantified. This could be attributed to the complexity of measuring direct and indirect trophic interactions, and the necessity of cross-disciplinary collaboration to value biophysical outcomes in economic and other relevant terms. We suggest that the direction and magnitude of net effects is driven by biotic, farm-level and landscape factors. These factors, some within and others beyond farmer control, interact in potentially predictable ways. We propose a framework for making policy decisions about farming practices and land-use planning informed by net effects to help farmers and society achieve positive outcomes for biodiversity and agricultural production.

M3 - Article

VL - 68

SP - 896

EP - 904

JO - BioScience

T2 - BioScience

JF - BioScience

SN - 0006-3568

IS - 11

ER -