Neuroinflammation in the generation of post-transplantation dyskinesia in Parkinson's disease.

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Abstract

The observation that neural grafts can induce dyskinesias has severely hindered the development of a transplantation therapy for Parkinson's disease (PD). We addressed the hypothesis that inflammatory responses within and around an intrastriatal graft containing dopamine neurons can trigger dyskinetic behaviors. We subjected rats to unilateral nigrostriatal lesions with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) and treated them with L-DOPA for 21 days in order to induce abnormal involuntary movements (AIMs). Subsequently, we grafted the rats with allogeneic embryonic ventral mesencephalic tissue in the dopamine-denervated striatum. In agreement with earlier studies, the grafted rats developed dyskinesia-like AIMs in response to amphetamine. We then used two experimental approaches to induce an inflammatory response and examined if the amphetamine-induced AIMs worsened or if spontaneous AIMs developed. In one experiment, we challenged the neural graft hosts immunologically with an orthotopic skin allograft of the same genetic origin as the intracerebral neural allograft. In another experiment, we infused the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin 2 (IL-2) adjacent to the intrastriatal grafts using osmotic minipumps. The skin allograft induced rapid rejection of the mesencephalic allografts, leading to disappearance of the amphetamine-induced AIMs. Contrary to our hypothesis, the rejection process itself did not elicit AIMs. Likewise, the IL-2 infusion did not induce spontaneous AIMs, nor did it alter L-DOPA-induced AIMs. The IL-2 infusions did, however, elicit the predicted marked striatal inflammation, as evidenced by the presence of activated microglia and IL2Ralpha-positive cells. These results indicate that an inflammatory response in and around grafted dopaminergic neurons is not sufficient to evoke dyskinetic behaviors in experimental models of PD.

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  • Neurosciences
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-228
JournalNeurobiology of Disease
Volume32
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Neuronal Survival (013212041), Basal Ganglia (013212026)