New functional test for the TFPIα cofactor activity of Protein S working in synergy with FV-Short
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
Essentials Protein S and FV-Short are synergistic cofactors to Tissue Factor Pathway Inhibitor α (TFPIα). An assay for the TFPIα synergistic cofactor activity of protein S with FV-Short was developed. The assay was specific for the synergistic TFPIα-cofactor activity of free protein S. Protein S deficient individuals with known mutations were correctly distinguished from controls. Summary: Background Protein S is an anticoagulant cofactor to both activated protein C and tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPIα). The TFPIα-cofactor activity of protein S is stimulated by a short isoform of factor V (FV-Short), the two proteins functioning in synergy. Objective Using the synergistic TFPIα-cofactor activity between protein S and FV-Short to develop a functional test for plasma protein S. Patients/Methods TFPIα-mediated inhibition of FXa in the presence of FV-Short, protein S and negatively charged phospholipid vesicles was monitored in time by synthetic substrate S2765. TFPIα, FXa and FV-Short were purified proteins, whereas diluted plasma from protein S deficient patients or controls were used as source for protein S. Results The assay was specific for free protein S demonstrating good correlation to free protein S plasma levels (r = 0.92) with a Y-axis intercept of −5%. Correlation to concentrations of total protein S (free and C4BPβ+-bound) was lower (r = 0.88) and the Y-axis intercept was +46%, which is consistent with the specificity for free protein S. The test distinguished protein S-deficient individuals from 6 families with known ProS1 mutations from family members having no mutation. Protein S levels of warfarin-treated protein S deficient cases were lower than protein S in cases treated with warfarin for other causes. Conclusions We describe a new assay measuring the TFPIα-cofactor activity of plasma protein S. The test identifies type I/III protein S deficiencies and will be a useful tool to detect type II protein S deficiency having defective TFPIα-cofactor activity.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Journal||Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis|
|Early online date||2019 Feb 11|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|