NMR, cloud-point measurements and enzymatic depolymerization: Complementary tools to investigate substituent patterns in modified celluloses

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Abstract

The substituent patterns of some chemically modified celluloses were characterized as a function of their size distribution, using size-exclusion chromatography coupled to both nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) and cloud-point measurements. Intact and enzymatically hydrolyzed methyl cellulose (MC) was fractionated according to size, and the level of substitution of the fractions was measured off-line using NMR. Clouding behavior was also measured as a function of size. Clear differences between hydrolyzed and nonhydrolyzed samples were observed using both techniques. For samples that had been selectively hydrolyzed using cellulose-degrading enzymes, NMR data showed a direct link between the degree of degradation and the level of substitution. Differences in the clouding behavior highlighted changes in substituent levels and substituent patterns across the size distribution. The techniques gave valuable and somewhat complementary information on the substituent distributions of the samples before and after enzymatic hydrolysis.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Biological Sciences
  • Analytical Chemistry
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2909-2917
JournalBiomacromolecules
Volume7
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Biochemistry and Structural Biology (S) (000006142), Analytical Chemistry (S/LTH) (011001004)