No effect of a new second-generation B-domain-deleted recombinant product on lymphocyte transformation in vitro: a study of plasma-derived and recombinant products

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Abstract

Immunomodulatory effects of various factor VIII and factor IX clotting factor concentrates (CFCs) and of albumin were evaluated by a sensitive assay measuring the incorporation of 3H-thymidine in phytohaemagglutinin-stimulated lymphocytes in the presence of monodansylthiacadaverine. In contrast to previous findings by others, we found lymphocyte transformation to be inhibited by all plasma-derived factor VIII concentrates at concentrations of 0.02, 0.2 and 2.0 IU/ml, including those purified by monoclonal antibodies (P < 0.05). Kryobulin TIM3 had the most pronounced effect. In addition, three plasma-derived human albumin preparations exerted a similar inhibitory effect as the factor VIII concentrates, whereas the corresponding plasma-derived factor IX concentrates only manifested minor immunomodulatory effects. Of the recombinant preparations, only Recombinate exerted an inhibitory effect at 0.02 and 0.2 IU/ml, whereas both Kogenate and Recombinate decreased 3H-thymidine incorporation at 2.0 IU/ml (P = 0.01). No immunomodulatory effect at all was observed with r-VIII SQ, a new B-domain-deleted recombinant factor VIII preparation free from added albumin. The significance of this finding regarding immunological side-effects including inhibitor development remains to be evaluated, but this second-generation recombinant product opens up new and interesting perspectives yet to be explored.

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Authors
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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Hematology

Keywords

  • immunomodulatory effects, clotting factor concentrates, lymphocyte transformation, albumin, factor VIII, factor IX
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-294
JournalBritish Journal of Haematology
Volume99
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Emergency medicine/Medicine/Surgery (013240200), Clinical Coagulation Research Unit (013242510)