Non-genetic risk factors and their influence on the management of patients in the clinic

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


The development of inhibitors is the most serious iatrogenic complication affecting patients with haemophilia. This complication is associated with impaired vital or functional prognosis, reduced quality of life and increased cost of treatment. The reasons why some patients develop antibodies to factor replacement and others do not remain unclear. It is however clear that inhibitor development results from a complex multifactorial interaction between genetic and non-genetic risk factors. Environmental influences implicated in increasing the risk of inhibitor formation can be viewed as modifiable risk factors. Therefore, identification of the non-genetic risk factors may offer the possibility of personalising haemophilia therapy by modifying treatment strategies in high-risk patients in the critical early phase of factor VIII exposure. In this article, we review the non-genetic factors reported as well as the potential impact of danger signals and the different scores for inhibitor development risk stratification.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Hematology


  • haemophilia, inhibitors, risk factors, environmental influences
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2-6
JournalEuropean Journal of Haematology
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Publication categoryResearch