Normalisation of Measured Energy Use in Buildings — Need for a Review of the Swedish Regulations

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceeding


Normalisation of measured energy use in buildings is important in order to verify their performance in user phase. Two methods for normalisation have been presented in Sweden, static and dynamic normalisation. The static normalisation considers deviating hot water use, indoor temperature, internal loads and external climate. The dynamic normalisation is based on repeated simulation, meaning that the initial simulation, carried out during the design phase, is repeated with updated conditions regarding actual use of the building and exterior climate. The ratio between the first and second simulation is used as a factor for normalisation. A pre-study has been initiated in Sweden to enable further development of the two methods. This paper present the two methods, the initiated pre-study, and some early findings. The early findings show that there is need for further development of the methods presented.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Civil Engineering
  • Building Technologies


  • Normalisation, Energy use, Swedish regulations
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCold Climate HVAC 2018. CCC 2018
EditorsDennis Johansson, Hans Bagge, Åsa Wahlström
ChapterPart XI - Codes, Regulations, Standards and Policies
Number of pages1003
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-00662-4
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-00661-7
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication categoryResearch

Publication series

NameSpringer Proceedings in Energy
PublisherSpringer, Cham