North Sea Progressive Myoclonus Epilepsy is Exacerbated by Heat, A Phenotype Primarily Associated with Affected Glia
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
Progressive myoclonic epilepsies (PMEs) comprise a group of rare disorders of different genetic aetiologies, leading to childhood-onset myoclonus, myoclonic seizures and subsequent neurological decline. One of the genetic causes for PME, a mutation in the gene coding for Golgi SNAP receptor 2 (GOSR2), gives rise to a PME-subtype prevalent in Northern Europe and hence referred to as North Sea Progressive Myoclonic Epilepsy (NS-PME). Treatment for NS-PME, as for all PME subtypes, is symptomatic; the pathophysiology of NS-PME is currently unknown, precluding targeted therapy. Here, we investigated the pathophysiology of NS-PME. By means of chart review in combination with interviews with patients (n = 14), we found heat to be an exacerbating factor for a majority of NS-PME patients (86%). To substantiate these findings, we designed a NS-PME Drosophila melanogaster model. Downregulation of the Drosophila GOSR2-orthologue Membrin leads to heat-induced seizure-like behaviour. Specific downregulation of GOSR2/Membrin in glia but not in neuronal cells resulted in a similar phenotype, which was progressive as the flies aged and was partially responsive to treatment with sodium barbital. Our data suggest a role for GOSR2 in glia in the pathophysiology of NS-PME.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 2019 Dec 15|