Numb protein expression correlates with a basal-like phenotype and cancer stem cell markers in primary breast cancer.

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Abstract

Decreased expression of Numb, resulting in activation of the proto-oncogene Notch1 and reduction in the tumor suppressor p53, has been demonstrated in mammary carcinomas. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between Numb protein expression and clinicopathological characteristics, tumor biological subtypes and putative cancer stem cell markers in a well-characterized cohort of primary human breast cancers. Immunohistochemistry was performed on tissue microarrays of primary invasive breast tumors using a polyclonal anti-Numb primary antibody. Of the 241 tumors evaluated, 50 (21%) displayed deficient or reduced Numb immunoreactivity. Retained Numb expression was significantly correlated to estrogen (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) positivity (P < 0.001 and P = 0.004, respectively). Interestingly, we found that a higher percentage of the tumors with deficient or reduced Numb expression belonged to the triple-negative (ER-/PR-/HER2-) subgroup compared to tumors with retained Numb expression (P = 0.004). Transcriptional profiling of a subset of these tumors linked NOTCH1 and BIRC5, both downstream targets of Numb, to the triple-negative subgroup in an inverse manner. Typically, subgroups characterized by the low expression of Numb expressed higher levels of NOTCH1 and BIRC5 (encoding survivin). We also found deficient expression of Numb in a significantly higher proportion of BRCA1 dependent tumors, which are usually triple-negative, compared to sporadic tumors. The expression of Numb in 14 breast cancer cell lines correlated similarly to their respective molecular subtypes. We further established an inverse correlation between the Numb expression levels and the CD44+/CD24- cancer stem cell phenotype (P = 0.05) in primary tumors. Finally, decreased Numb expression was associated with poorer distant disease-free survival (P = 0.01). Taken together, our results indicate that loss of Numb expression is a marker of tumor aggressiveness, potentially linked to BRCA1 status and a cancer stem cell phenotype in primary breast cancer.

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  • Cancer and Oncology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-324
JournalBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
Volume122
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

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