Numerical analysis of supercritical n-decane upward flow and heat transfer characteristics in the buffer layer of a vertical tube

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


To explore the behavior and mechanisms of heat transfer deterioration (HTD), the flow and thermal performances of supercritical n-decane in upward vertical tubes are investigated with emphasis on the boundary layer. It is realized that the dramatic variation of the thermophysical properties can cause unconventional heat transfer phenomenon and the change of the density is important in particular. The intensity of the HTD gradually increases once the position of the pseudo-critical temperature lays in the buffer layer region. Correspondingly, the turbulence kinetic energy is significantly suppressed. The large temperature gradient in the buffer layer zone means that the temperature commonly used in existing empirical correlations and based on the wall temperature or bulk temperature is not very appropriate and such an approach leads to poor prediction accuracy of the correlations.


External organisations
  • Northwestern Polytechnical University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Energy Engineering
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-265
Number of pages9
JournalNumerical Heat Transfer; Part A: Applications
Issue number3
Early online date2019 Nov 14
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Publication categoryResearch