Numerical simulation of premixed combustion using the modified dynamic thickened flame model coupled with multi-step reaction mechanism

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Thickened flame (TF) model is one of the effective methods to resolve the flame front in turbulent premixed combustion modeling. The multi-step reaction mechanism is becoming increasingly important for combustion simulations such as pollutant formation, ignition and extinction. The effect of TF model on flame structures when coupling with multi-step reaction mechanism was investigated. The simulation results show that, no matter in laminar or turbulent condition, the global TF model coupling with multi-step reaction mechanism results in an incomplete combustion, which is mainly due to the enhanced species diffusion. Although Durand and Polifke's dynamic thickened flame (DTF) sensor performs well for predicting laminar flame structure when coupling with multi-step reaction mechanism, it underestimates the effective thickening factor. In turbulent premixed flame simulation, the underestimated thickening factor leads to a faster local fuel consumption speed because of the over-predicted sub-grid flame wrinkling factor. A modified DTF sensor suitable for multi-step reaction mechanism is proposed. This sensor using the hyperbolic tangent function of progress variable to calculate thickening factor dynamically. It ensures that both the preheated and reaction zones are thickened effectively. The sub-grid wrinkling factor is hence estimated corresponding to the calculated flame thickness. Results of 1D laminar and 3D turbulent flame show that this method performs well for predicting both burned gas temperature and species concentration in burnt gas, which is important for predicting emissions.


  • Shilong Guo
  • Jinhua Wang
  • Xutao Wei
  • Senbin Yu
  • Meng Zhang
  • Zuohua Huang
External organisations
  • Xi'an Jiaotong University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics


  • Dynamic thickened flame model, Large Eddy Simulation, Multi-step reaction mechanism, Premixed flame
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)346-353
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1
Publication categoryResearch