OARSI guidelines for the non-surgical management of knee, hip, and polyarticular osteoarthritis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To update and expand upon prior Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) guidelines by developing patient-focused treatment recommendations for individuals with Knee, Hip, and Polyarticular osteoarthritis (OA) that are derived from expert consensus and based on objective review of high-quality meta-analytic data. Methods: We sought evidence for 60 unique interventions. A systematic search of all relevant databases was conducted from inception through July 2018. After abstract and full-text screening by two independent reviewers, eligible studies were matched to PICO questions. Data were extracted and meta-analyses were conducted using RevMan software. Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) Evidence Profiles were compiled using the GRADEpro web application. Voting for Core Treatments took place first. Four subsequent voting sessions took place via anonymous online survey, during which Panel members were tasked with voting to produce recommendations for all joint locations and comorbidity classes. We designated non-Core treatments to Level 1A, 1B, 2, 3, 4A, 4B, or 5, based on the percentage of votes in favor, in addition to the strength of the recommendation. Results: Core Treatments for Knee OA included arthritis education and structured land-based exercise programs with or without dietary weight management. Core Treatments for Hip and Polyarticular OA included arthritis education and structured land-based exercise programs. Topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) were strongly recommended for individuals with Knee OA (Level 1A). For individuals with gastrointestinal comorbidities, COX-2 inhibitors were Level 1B and NSAIDs with proton pump inhibitors Level 2. For individuals with cardiovascular comorbidities or frailty, use of any oral NSAID was not recommended. Intra-articular (IA) corticosteroids, IA hyaluronic acid, and aquatic exercise were Level 1B/Level 2 treatments for Knee OA, dependent upon comorbidity status, but were not recommended for individuals with Hip or Polyarticular OA. The use of Acetaminophen/Paracetamol (APAP) was conditionally not recommended (Level 4A and 4B), and the use of oral and transdermal opioids was strongly not recommended (Level 5). A treatment algorithm was constructed in order to guide clinical decision-making for a variety of patient profiles, using recommended treatments as input for each decision node. Conclusion: These guidelines offer comprehensive and patient-centered treatment profiles for individuals with Knee, Hip, and Polyarticular OA. The treatment algorithm will facilitate individualized treatment decisions regarding the management of OA.

Details

Authors
  • R. R. Bannuru
  • M. C. Osani
  • E. E. Vaysbrot
  • N. K. Arden
  • K. Bennell
  • S. M.A. Bierma-Zeinstra
  • V. B. Kraus
  • J. H. Abbott
  • M. Bhandari
  • F. J. Blanco
  • R. Espinosa
  • Ida K Haugen
  • J. Lin
  • L. A. Mandl
  • E. Moilanen
  • N. Nakamura
  • Lynn Snyder-Mackler
  • T. Trojian
  • Martin Underwood
  • Timothy E McAlindon
Organisations
External organisations
  • Tufts Medical Center
  • University of Oxford
  • University of Melbourne
  • Erasmus University Medical Center
  • Duke University
  • Dunedin School of Medicine
  • McMaster University
  • University of A Coruña
  • National Autonomous University of Mexico
  • Diakonhjemmet Hospital
  • Peking University
  • Hospital for Special Surgery - New York
  • Tampere University Hospital
  • University of Delaware
  • Drexel University
  • University of Warwick
  • University Hospital Coventry and Warwickshire
  • University of Southampton
  • University of Otago
  • Institute of Biomedical Research of A Coruña, INIBIC
  • University Hospital la Coruna
  • National Institute of Rehabilitation, Mexico
  • Peking University People's Hospital
  • Weill Cornell Medical College
  • University of Tampere
  • Osaka University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Rheumatology and Autoimmunity

Keywords

  • Clinical practice guidelines, Hip, Knee, Non-surgical management, Osteoarthritis
Original languageEnglish
JournalOsteoarthritis and Cartilage
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul 3
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes