Occupational allergic contact dermatitis to gloves, follow-up of investigated patients

Research output: Contribution to journalPublished meeting abstract

Abstract

Background: In the Department of Occupational and Environmental Dermatology there has been an increase in the inflow of patients, working as surgical nurses or surgeons. They have been referred due to presumed occupational contact dermatitis. Results from investigated patients have in part been presented previously, where the investigation has shownmultiple contact allergies caused by their occupational use of gloves. Allergens such as diphenylguanidine were found in the gloves and contact allergies to their rubber gloves were found. Many of the patients have been working for decades in their present occupation, but the hand dermatitis had often been present for less than a year. Objectives: To present a follow-up of patientswith hand dermatitis due to gloves. Methods: A follow-up of the patients and a structure for the investigation of the individual patient are given. Results: The cases will be presented with their contact allergies, howtheinvestigation isperformedandtheoutcomeof theprevention by avoiding gloves containing the allergens diagnosed in the individual patients. Conclusions: For health care personnel hand hygiene and the wearing of protective gloves are mandatory. Our findings indicate that the increased need to use rubber gloves and at the same time the exclusion of latex gloves give rise to new contact allergies which are clinically relevant. In the investigation, and the advice given to the patients, several factors have to be taken into consideration, including the fast change of glove material. The cases indicate the importance of close cooperation between chemists and dermatologists and the possibility to perform chemical analysis. Furthermore, and just as important for this patient group, is that with correct diagnosis and advice the contact dermatitis can actually heal completely and the patients continue in their work.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Respiratory Medicine and Allergy
  • Dermatology and Venereal Diseases

Keywords

  • Gloves, Occupational dermatosis, rubber, allergen, latex, glove, skin allergy, patient, follow up, contact dermatitis, human, society, occupational eczema, contact allergy, dermatitis, dermatology, occupation, health care personnel, chemical analysis, dermatologist, surgeon, protective clothing, diagnosis, hand washing, nurse
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-94
JournalContact Dermatitis
Volume70
Issue numberSuppl s1
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jun 1
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedNo
Event12th Contress of the European Society of Contact Dermatitis (ESCD) - Barcelona, Spain
Duration: 2014 Jun 252014 Jun 28