Occupational imbalance and the role of perceived stress in predicting stress-related disorders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background: Stress-related disorders are the main reason for sick leave in many European countries. The aim of the present study was to explore whether perceived occupational imbalance predicts stress-related disorders, potential gender differences, and to explore the mediating role of perceived stress. Method: Longitudinal data on 2223 employees in a public organization in Sweden were collected by surveys, and analyzed by logistic regression. Results: Occupational imbalance predicted stress-related disorders among both women and men. However, what aspects of occupational imbalance which predicted stress-related disorders differ by gender. Perceived stress was not a mediator in these associations. Conclusion and significance: How women and men perceived their occupational balance affected the risk of stress-related disorders. The results may be used to develop effective strategies to decrease stress-related disorders.


External organisations
  • University of Gothenburg
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Environmental Health and Occupational Health


  • Burnout, exhaustion disorder, human activities, psychological stress
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-287
JournalScandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Issue number4
Early online date2017 Mar 2
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Publication categoryResearch