Occupational risk factors for kidney cancer: A cohort study in Sweden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although many studies have examined the associations between occupational exposures and kidney cancer, the evidence is not consistent. To examine the risk of occupational exposures on kidney cancer, we carried out a follow-up study on the economically active Swedish population, based on the latest update of the Swedish Family-Cancer Database. We calculated standardized incidence ratios (SIR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for different occupational groups, adjusted for age, period, and socioeconomic status. The reference group was all the economically active population. An increased risk of renal parenchymal cancer was observed for miners and quarry workers, drivers, sales agents, transport workers, and public safety and protection workers among men, and launderers and dry cleaners among women. Significantly increased SIRs of renal pelvical cancer were also observed for the food manufacture workers among men, and journalists and shoe and leather industry workers among women. Male forestry workers, smelters, and metal foundry workers had increased risk for unspecified kidney cancer. Although smoking may explain some of these results, exposure to gasoline, diesel, their exposure products, some metal and chemicals in shoe and leather works, and dry-cleaning products may be associated with kidney cancer.

Details

Authors
External organisations
  • German Cancer Research Centre
  • Karolinska Institutet
Research areas and keywords

Keywords

  • Epidemiology, Kidney cancer, Occupation, Renal parenchymal cancer, Renal pelvical cancer
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-278
Number of pages8
JournalWorld Journal of Urology
Volume23
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Sep 1
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
Externally publishedYes