Occupational value and relationships to meaning and health: Elaborations of the ValMO-model.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Abstract This study investigates the theoretical assumption of the Value and Meaning in Occupations model. The aim was to explore the relationship between occupational value, perceived meaning, and subjective health in a sample of individuals of working age, 50 men and 250 women. Frequency of experienced values in occupations was assessed through the Occupational Value instrument with pre-defined items. Perceived meaning was operationalized and assessed by the Sense of Coherence measure. Subjective health was estimated by two questions from the SF-36 questionnaire. The analyses implied descriptive analyses, correlations, and logistic regression analyses in which sociodemographic variables were included. The findings showed highly significant relationships between occupational value and perceived meaning and when belonging to the high group of occupational value the likelihood was tripled of belonging to the high group of perceived meaning. When married or cohabitating there was double the likelihood of belonging to the high group of perceived meaning. Although perceived meaning was found to be positively associated with subjective health, working full time was the most important factor in explaining subjective health, compared with working less than full time. The results confirm assumptions in the ValMO-model, and the importance of focusing on occupational value in clinical practice is highlighted.

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Occupational Therapy

Keywords

  • Occupation, occupational therapy, theory development
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-80
JournalScandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Volume18
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes