Older Adults' Medication Use 6 Months Before and After Hip Fracture: A Population-Based Cohort Study.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


OBJECTIVES: To study changes in use of fall-risk increasing drugs (FRIDs) and bone density-related medication in participants with hip fracture before and after the fracture and to analyze differences between five healthcare districts. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Data retrieved from two national databases PARTICIPANTS: All 2,043 people with hip fracture aged 60 and older in a Swedish county in 2006. MEASUREMENTS: Changes in FRIDs and bone-active medications prescribed within 6 months before and 6 months after hip fracture and differences between health care districts. RESULTS: Before hip fracture, 1,308 participants (67.7%) received any FRIDs or combinations; after fracture, 97.7% were treated. Polypharmacy (≥5 drugs) increased 39.3%, excessive polypharmacy (≥10 drugs) increased 36.4%, and use of three or more psychotropic drugs increased 8.6%. After fracture, the use of all analyzed drugs including psychotropic, cardiovascular, opioid, and anticholinergic drugs increased significantly (P<.001). Treatment with calcium and vitamin D increased from 9% before to 27.7% after and with bisphosphonates from 3.5% to 7.6%. Variations in postfracture prescribing between the five health care districts were observed regarding opioids (range 85-64%), bisphosphonates (range 20-4%), and calcium and vitamin D (72-13%) (P<.001, for all comparisons). CONCLUSION: Two-thirds of participants with hip fracture were prescribed FRIDs before fracture, and the number increased significantly after fracture. Significant variations between healthcare districts in treating osteoporosis and pain were evident; geriatric support could be a contributing factor to the greater treatment in two districts.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Geriatrics
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)863-868
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Publication categoryResearch

Related research output

Kragh Ekstam, A., 2017, Lund: Lund University, Faculty of Medicine. 87 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

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