On cellulose dissolution and aggregation in aqueous tetrabutylammonium hydroxide
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
Aqueous tetrabutylammonium hydroxide, TBAH(aq), has been found to dissolve cellulose and to be a potential solvent for chemical processing or fiber spinning. In this paper, we have investigated the dissolution state of cellulose in 40 wt % TBAH(aq) solvent, and present an extensive study of rheology, combined with static light and small-angle X-ray scattering, to correlate cellulose aggregation with changes in the rheological parameters. Two cellulose molecular weights are compared. Microcrystalline cellulose (MCC), with a degree of polymerization of ca. 260, and a dissolving pulp with an approximately ten times higher molecular weight. Scattering data demonstrate that cellulose is molecularly dissolved at lower cellulose concentrations, while aggregates are present when the concentration exceeds a certain value. The onset of the aggregate formation is marked by a pronounced increase in the scattering intensity at low q, shear thinning behavior and violation of the empirical Cox-Merz rule. Additionally, the SAXS data suggest the presence of a solvation shell enriched in TBA+ ions, compared to the bulk solvent. The results are consistent with the recent suggestion that while native cellulose I may still dissolve, solutions are, above a particular concentration, becoming supersaturated with respect to the more stable crystal form cellulose II.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 2016 Sep 12|