On Lions and adolescents: Affective temperaments and the influence of negative stimuli on memory.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Abstract in Undetermined
The present study investigated the relation between reaction to negative stimuli and memory for stimuli. The relation was further investigated using as a framework individuals’ affective temperaments (AFTs). Eighty adolescents participated in the study. The AFTs are based on selfreported affect and categorizes individuals in four temperaments: self-actualizing, high affective, low affective and self-destructive. Reaction to negative stimuli was measured by interpretation of specific words in a short story. Two days later, participants were presented with a list of words and asked which of them were present in the short story. Individuals’ AFTs were expected to predict the promotion of pleasure or the prevention of displeasure. On a general level, reaction to negative stimuli predicted memory for negative, positive and neutral words. At an individual level, self-actualizers and high affectives’ negative reaction predicted the memory of positive words (i.e., promotion). In contrast, low affectives’ negative and positive reaction predicted the memory of neutral words (i.e., prevention).


  • Danilo Garcia
  • Patricia Rosenberg
  • Arvid Erlandsson
  • Anver Siddiqui
External organisations
  • External Organization - Unknown
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Psychology


  • Adolescents, Memory, Temperament, Negative stimuli
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)477-495
JournalJournal of Happiness Studies
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Publication categoryResearch
Externally publishedYes