On the intumescence of ethylene-acrylate copolymers blended

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The combustion and melt dripping of poly(ethylene-co-butyl acrylate) (EBA), EBA blended with polypropylene (EBAePP) and poly (ethylene-co-methacrylic acid) (EMAA), each blended with calcium carbonate and polydimethylsiloxane, were studied. In situ measurement of the temperature gradient in the cone calorimeter were combined with infrared spectroscopy measurements on specimens withdrawn and quenched at different times of the experiment. The reactions that govern the degradation at the high heating rates met in the combustion could be determined and the gap to analytical techniques such as thermogravimetry bridged. The interplay of mechanical char integrity and heat feedback by the flame determined how much time the specimen dwells in temperature range of 300 to 420 C where char expansion due to calcium salt formation is effective and thereby affects the heat release rate strongly. Vertical cone calorimeter and vertical flame testing were used to assess melt dripping and char stability under flaming combustion. Plateeplate rheological measurements proofed to be of limited use to compare the effect of different degradation atmospheres on the melt viscosity. The EMAA formulation had the most effective intumescent process with a low heat release rate and good char stability even in vertical configuration. Electron-beam irradiated EMAA specimens with different levels of
cross-links were tested in the cone calorimeter in order to understand the role of cross-links for the intumescent process.

Details

Authors
External organisations
  • External Organization - Unknown
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Building Technologies
  • Other Civil Engineering

Keywords

  • Chalk, Intumescence, Polyolefin, Acrylic, Flame retardant, Halogen-free
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1899-1910
JournalPolymer Degradation and Stability
Volume92
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
Externally publishedYes