Onyx Embolization for Occlusion of the Proximal Internal Iliac Artery During EVAR in Patients with Unsuitable Landing Zones in the Common Iliac Artery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background: Twenty percent of the patients with AAA have an aneurysm involving the common iliac arteries. Large common iliac diameter can be treated with an iliac branched device or extension of the stent graft to the external iliac artery with occlusion of the ipsilateral internal iliac artery (IIA) to prevent type 2 endoleaks. This study describes and evaluates a embolization technique using Onyx in conjunction with EVAR in aneurysms with poor landing zones in the common iliac arteries. Methods: Patients with Onyx IIA embolization during EVAR, identified from the hospital operating code database, constitute the study population. Onyx embolization was performed by injection at the IIA origin. Peri- and postoperative complications were collected from the medical records. Thin-sliced CT scan was performed 1 month and 1 year after the procedure. Results: Thirty-six patients with complex iliac anatomy and insufficient landing zones (without sealing possibility for standard stent grafts) were identified out of 243 consecutive EVAR treatments during a 13-year period. In seventeen patients (7%), the IIA was embolized with Onyx. Technical success was obtained in all 17 patients, without adverse event or procedural complication. No complication related to the embolization procedure was noted during follow-up. Conclusions: During EVAR treatment of patients with aneurysm involving the common iliac artery, Onyx embolization of IIA is a feasible option without need of selective catheterization of the IIA orifice, potentially preserving important branches of the IIA and simplifying emergency procedures.


External organisations
  • Helsingborg Hospital
  • Linköping University
  • Lund University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Surgery


  • Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA), Endovascular repair (EVAR), Iliac arteries, Onyx embolization
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)956-961
JournalCardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
Issue number7
Early online date2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication categoryResearch