Optical band gap analysis of soot and organic carbon in premixed ethylene flames: Comparison of in-situ and ex-situ absorption measurements

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Abstract

The similarity of in-situ and ex-situ absorption/extinction properties was found by comparing data sets obtained in premixed flat ethylene flames (C/O = 0.77); both ex-situ absorption measurements at CNR of Naples and in-situ laser extinction/absorption measurements at Lund University. The optical band gap analysis was performed as a method to separate/evaluate the contributions to the UV–Visible absorption from organic carbon and soot by selecting two spectral regions; above 685 nm where only soot is assumed to absorb radiation and below 685 nm, where both soot and organic carbons absorb. Optical band gap for soot was analyzed separately from organic carbon, obtaining their individual contribution to the spectral absorption from inception, throughout the growth region up to soot aggregation. While the optical band gap of soot strongly decreased along the flame from 1 to 0.1 eV, the band gap for organic carbons remained constant at ∼1.7–1.8 eV. By using the relationship of the optical band gap with nanostructural parameters (layer length and aromatic rings number), the average molecular weight of organic carbon around 400 u resulted rather far away from the molecular weight of 1000–2000 mass units evaluated for incipient soot consistently with the view of PAH species sticking together for particle inception.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Institute for Research on Combustion (ICR CNR)
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-96
Number of pages7
JournalCarbon
Volume158
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Nov 26
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes