Optimised treatment of hip fractures

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapter

Abstract

Fractures of the proximal part of the femur, hip fractures, are common and costly. The number of hip fractures has increased in all western countries during recent decades. This has occurred mainly because of an increase in the number of elderly people and also due to an increase in the risk for hip fracture among the oldest persons. Due to an increase in ageing population all over the world there will be a geographical shift in the occurrence of hip fractures. The incidence rates of hip fractures are higher in white populations than in others and vary by geographical region. Age adjusted incidence rates of hip fracture by gender are higher in Scandinavia than in North America and lower in countries of Southern Europe. The absolute number of hip fractures in each region is determined not only by ethnic composition, but also by the size of the population and its age distribution. In 1990 one third of all hip fractures in the world occurred in Asia despite lower incidence rates among Asians. Almost half of the fractures occurred in Europe, North America and Oceania. These populations are smaller but older. It was estimated in the beginning of the 1990s that 323 million people aged 65 years and over were living around the world. This has been estimated to increase to 1555 million by the year 2050.

Details

Authors
External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Orthopedics

Keywords

  • Cervical fractures in hip, Fractures in hip, Garden fractures in hip, Hip fractures, Trochanteric fractures
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiomechanics and Biomaterials in Orthopedics
EditorsD G Poitout
PublisherSpringer
Pages493-507
Number of pages15
Edition2nd
ISBN (Electronic)9781848826649
ISBN (Print)9781848826632
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
Externally publishedYes