Ordovician and Silurian polychaete diversity and biogeography

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceeding

Abstract

Eunicidan polychaetes formed a significant part of Early Palaeozoic marine invertebrate communities, as shown by the abundance and diversity of scolecodonts (polychaete jaws) in the fossil record. In this study we summarize the early radiation and biodiversity trends and discuss the palaeobiogeography of these fossils. The oldest (latest Cambrian-Early Ordovician) representatives had primitive, usually symmetrical, placognath/ctenognath type jaw apparatuses. The first more advanced taxa, possessing labidognath-type jaw apparatuses or placognath apparatuses with compound maxillae, are first recorded in the Middle Ordovician. The most significant increase in generic diversity occurred in the Darriwilian, when many common taxa appeared and diversified. The Ordovician and Silurian scolecodont occurrences allow some palaeobiogeographical units and distribution patterns to be explored and outlined. The most robust data presently at hand derive from successions in Baltica and Laurentia. That information, together with new records from other palaeocontinents, reveals a wide distribution for the most frequent and species-rich genera and families, similar to the biogeographical patterns of extant polychaetes. Like many other benthic and pelagic fossil groups, scolecodont-bearing polychaetes show an increased cosmopolitan character in the Silurian as compared with the Ordovician. Species-level endemism appears to be relatively common, inferring a potential for scolecodonts as biogeographical tools in the future.

Details

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Geology
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEarly Palaezoic Biogeography and Palaeogeography
PublisherGeological Society of London
Pages265-272
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
EventMeeting of IGCP 503 on Ordovician Palaeogeography and Palaeoclimate, 2013 - Copenhagen, DENMARK, Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: 2013 Aug 312013 Sep 1

Publication series

Name
Number38
ISSN (Print)0435-4052

Conference

ConferenceMeeting of IGCP 503 on Ordovician Palaeogeography and Palaeoclimate, 2013
CountryDenmark
CityCopenhagen
Period2013/08/312013/09/01